Did the Author of Mark Invent The Empty Tomb?

The crux of the Easter faith is the empty tomb. Atheists and sketics believe they have proved that Mark made up the empty tomb.Peter Kirby once defended the idea, claiming a huge number of scholars agreed with that. I'm not sure if he still holds to that or not. The paper is still up and the argument was made so I will  refute it. Peter Kirby once wrote: Several schoalrs doubt the historicity of the empty tomb. I intend to set out the reasons for disbelieving the empty tomb story. I will argue that the empty tomb narrative is the invention of the author Mark. This conclusion will be supported by showing that all the reports of the empty tomb are dependent upon Mark, that there are signs of fictional creation in the empty tomb narrative, that the empty tomb story as told by Mark contains improbabilities, and that traditions of the burial and appearances support a reconstruction of the events that excludes the discovery of the empty tomb.[1] In response I am to focus just one aspect,…

No Alternate Versions of the Jesus Story

The tree of life from the creation story in Gilgamesh.

There are no alternate version's of the Jesus story. There are minor differences in different telling's but there are no other versions. For at least 200 years after the original events the very same major outline is kept as it was written in stone. Myth always proliferates but when everyone knows a story is true they don't dare change it. The fact that there's only one basic Jesus story tells us that it's probably a true story.


1) Mythology tends to proliforate:multiple story versions are common

2) When historical facts are known to a wide audience, people tend not to deny the basic facts of an event.

...a) eye witnesses keep it stairght

...b) People who try to invent new aspects of the event are confronted with the fact that most everyone knows better.

...c) people know the story for a fact and just dont' bother to change it.

3) Story proliforations would probably influence further tellings, thus creati…

The Enemies Within: Purveyors of His Slop (Hislop)

This week my target is mainly someone who died decades ago, but his legacy lives on today in garbage found in Chick tracts, and of late has been promulgated by a conspiracy theorist minister named Mark Fairley, and sadly, even by John MacArthur.

Alexander Hislop was a clergyman with a dislike for Catholics and an even greater dislike for sound history. So he put together a ridiculous panorama of history dominated by the figures of Nimrod and Semiramis, who together supposedly founded an evil world religion that lives on today in, among other places, the Catholic Church. 

I won't be addressing Hislop's claims here; if you want to see some of them addressed, a couple of my ebooks cover the territory (if you're feeling masochistic). The main point is that Hislop's nuttery today infects the background of too many prominent teachers. The fact that someone as allegedly prestigious and intelligent as John MacArthur gives props to is bad enough to pronounce an epitaph over mains…

Papias and The Daughters of Philip

Tomb of Philip at Hierapolis

 Our understanding of Philip comes to us form four major soruces: Papias, Irenaius, Eusebius, and Polycrates. Papias (70?-155?) was Bishop of Hierapolis (in Phrygia, sort mid southwestern Turkey), where Philip lived. He knew the daughters of Philip after their father's time. What we know of him comes to us priarily form his student Irenaeus. Irenaeus is important as the connecting link not only to Philip but to Papias and Polycarp. Irenaeus is a major figure in the chain.
Papias and The Daughters of Philip 

Papias had several important connections to the history of Jesus. He studied with his friend Polycarp and they both studied under the Apostle John. There is a controservy about weather it was the Apostel John or another John, I will deal with that on Papias own page. He lived in Hierapolis where he was Bishop there was also Philip and his four virgin daughters. The daughters of Philip were prophetesses, Paul is said to have met them in Acts (8:5-40; 21…

Instone-Brewer evidence on Historicity of Jesus